Here are 2 stories from the World of Dyslexia newsletter that may be of interest:

Boy with a bookCatching Dyslexia Before it Catches Your Child

“Children with developmental dyslexia may be living in a world with in-between sounds,” Nadine Gaab says. “It could be that whenever I tell a dyslexic child ‘ga,’ they hear a mix of ‘ga,’ ‘ka,’ ‘ba,’ and ‘wa.’” This inability to process sounds becomes a problem when it’s time to turn written words into spoken language.”
In a new study, Gaab is looking for the same sound-processing problems in children as young as four who have a family member with dyslexia, then seeing if the children go on to develop dyslexia themselves.

ViolinMusicians Hear Better

Musical training can improve your hearing, according to several studies presented in Chicago at Neuroscience 2009. One study suggests that musical training could help children who are struggling with language.
Dana Strait asked musicians and nonmusicians to take a simple test. “They were asked to click a button every time they heard a specific sound,” she says, “but not click a button to other sounds that they might hear.” Musicians not only responded faster and more accurately; they were able to stay focused longer, Strait says. In contrast, many children with dyslexia and other language problems do poorly on tests like this. Musical training could offer a way to improve their performance, Strait says.

There is much evidence (Bryant & Bradley, 1985; Goswami & Bryant, 1990) to show that if a child can recognise and, crucially, generate rhyming words by the age of 3 and a half, then s/he is likely to learn to read and spell relatively easily. Early intervention, such as the ones described above, is so important if we are to enable youngsters to develop a strong sense of themselves as competent learners.